Rules of devolution of an estate - Étude Généalogique Savary
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Rules of devolution of an estate

Identification of successors in the context of an intestate estate opened in Québec

The following diagram demonstrates the path to follow in order to identify the successors and to determine the share to which each heir is entitled. It is with the support of such a chart that a genealogist will establish the devolution of estate for a precise case in a determined territory.

Source : France HOMIER, « Dévolution légale d’une succession », dans Repères, juillet 1995, Montréal, Éditions Yvon Blais, Droit civil en ligne, EYB1995REP554. Reproduit avec l’autorisation de l’éditeur.

Definitions :


Privileged ascendants : Father and mother


Privileged collaterals : Brother, sister, niece and nephew


Ordinary ascendants : Grandfather, grandmother, great grandfather, great grandmother paternal and maternal, etc.


Ordinary collaterals (two categories) :

        1. Little nephew and little niece, etc. (Descendant of privileged collaterals)
        2. Uncle, aunt, cousin, etc.

Status as heirs in the context of an estate opened in France

The following diagram shows the upward and collateral devolution of estate (The numerals indicate the degrees). Similar to the first chart, a genealogist will use this one to determine the devolution of estate in an estate opened in France.